"Some innovations seem to die on contact with the institutional reality of the school. It is the rare reform that p... http://tl.gd/ag2aub
"elite policymakers rarely know what schools really need and propose reforms that could never work as planned. Henc... http://tl.gd/ag2deg
"it is useful to ask what people mean when they talk of 'success' or 'failure' in school reform." Tyack & Cuban
"A problem with defining 'success' as meeting predetermined goals—say, raising the IQs of little children through H... http://tl.gd/ag2iel
"If reformers attend only to fidelity to plan and to achievement of predetermined goals, they may ignore unintended... http://tl.gd/ag2jfh
"some educators also believed that the kindergarten, with its aim of adapting education to children rather than chi... http://tl.gd/ag318g
"When the kindergarten became institutionalized, the original claim of reformers—that it would redeem society throu... http://tl.gd/ag37c1
"It is easier to copy another institution than to invent one from the ground up. Would-be innovative schools often ... http://tl.gd/ag3drg
@esmecomfort even then, there are certain things that have been socially institutionalized that would creep into any new endeavor.
"Educational reformers may have wanted to wipe the institutional slate clean and start again, but that has rarely h... http://tl.gd/agorot
"When educators find reform
demands inappropriate, they are skilled in finding ways to temper or evade their effects." Tyack & Cuban
"underlying most conceptions of restructuring is the goal of raising academic achievement." Tyack & Cuban
"Innovations never enter educational institutions with the previous slate wiped clean." Tyack & Cuban
@anderscj Track and Cuban leave out a tremendous amount of vital info on how US schools developed. I've wondered why for a long time
@irasocol perhaps later literature from the two would shed some light. What omissions do you find most glaring?
@anderscj they really skip over the formation of the system. It is odd. Great bits of history I use all the time, but they miss the story
@irasocol yeah, it's like they assume the story of school begins in the mid-late 1800s.
"Through the process of institutional assimilation, the kindergarten and the junior high school ended up resembling... http://tl.gd/ag3h66